Sitting directly on top of the mid-atlantic ridge where two vast plates are pulling away from each other. Iceland is one of the most volcanic places on earth. In 1783 the plates are particularly rest of us as they lurch finally apart a 30-kilometer crack in the Earth’s surface known as the Lark
Fisher rips along its length a hundred and thirty bubbling creators spew out billions of tons of molten rock and will continue to do so for eight fiery months.
It is the largest eruption on earth in the last 500 years that makes likely one of the greatest eruptions in history as lackey erupts over 40 billion tons of lava spill out of the Fisher enough to engulf or city the size of Chicago.
Normally when lava is exposed to air cools and solidifies which limits how far can travel but the lava from LA he was able to travel for hundreds of kilometers. Thanks to an underground system led by local guide be on your person thought explores the remnants of this subterranean network known as lava tubes.
The caves are created when the upper layers of lava former crust protecting the free-flowing molten rock below from the cold air level of the lava River right there and I hear part of the roof
is the melting anything you can see. These nice little droplets going down it shows how hot this environment was at the time how hot the lava is how hot the gas is right above the Liao’s because to form this be tempted to need to be at 1100 c.
These are the key to making love flows when you talk with the lava through these kind of systems with the state’s fluid hot all the way down until it breaks out of the total system traveling
through the tubes lock his lover spreads over 60 kilometers before eventually resurfacing in total the Morton rock raises 20 villages to the ground.
Laki also holds out millions of tons of ash and toxic gases poisoning the soil and drops three quarters of ice can sheep and more than half of all its livestock died. The people soon follow
because of starvation and other diseases of a twenty one percent of the Icelandic population perished as a consequence of the likely eruption but the Laki eruption is to have an even more disastrous effect on the rest of the world.
Although remote icelandic volcanoes can have far-reaching consequences as recent events proved the cloud from Laki and gulfs of vast part of the northern hemisphere and carries with it something far more deadly than just ash total 120 million tons of Sulfur Dioxide were emitted into the atmosphere but it reacted with atmospheric paper to produce sulfuric aerosols.
These aerosols block the sun’s heat causing global temperatures to plummet in Europe the cold causes intolerable food shortages. Some experts believe these draw hungry peasants in France to rise up eventually leading to the French Revolution 1789.
Across the Atlantic temperatures also dropped dramatically on the east border of north america the winter 7384 is the longest and the most severe on record it was so cold that people to ice floes on the River Mississippi.
Laki’s malign influence on the climate throws monsoon cycles into disarray leading to widespread crop failure up to a sixth of Egypt’s population and many more across India and North Africa die from starvation.
So in total like he may have caused death of almost 2 million people in 1783. Despite its remote location loc he had a profound effect on the entire planet. It disrupted global climate and caused
deadly families as far away as Africa and Asia its impact on nature the atmosphere in the weather people and history in my view makes it one of the deadliest volcanic Eruption of all times.