The Giza plateau is the northern extension of the necropolis in Memphis on the west bank of Nile and is today it’s is among the suburbs of modern carry. When visiting the Giza pyramid for the first time you anticipate the experience of standing before the magnificent structures rising out of the desert sands in a kind of time war. The Giza plateau is famous for three pyramids of Khufu son Caffrey constructed a pyramid next to his father’s monument.
Today archeologists have found a 118 pyramids in Egypt but the most perfect and biggest of them all is that build by Kufu a ruler from the Fourth Dynasty 2602-2487 BC known as the great pyramid. The 147 meter structure is the first of the seven ancient wonders of the world and the only one still standing. More than 4500 years ago about a 100,000 workers pain taking the stacked up two million limestone blocks over 20 years to create a pyramid with precise 51 degree slop on four sides.
The structure consists of an enormous quantity of limestone blocks estimated at around 2 Million 3 Hundred thousand quarried from an area of southeast of the pyramids and transported over a ramp to the construction site.
Before leaving Cairo and heading down river it is worth visiting the oldest pyramid in the world “The Step Pyramid” at Saqqara. Saqqara is the location of the principal necropolis of ancient Memphis dating from the time of the foundation of the city. The site covers 9000 hectares crowded with burials that span much of the whole period the Egyptian antiquity. A quick flight to Luxor airport and was soon on our way cruising down the Nile.
Before we depart however we need to visit two sites of great importance Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple.
Thebes was capital of new kingdom Egypt. Karnak is the biggest temple complex in the world covering an area of 100 Hectors and there is no way more impressive to the first time visitor. Much of it was restored during the last century and our knowledge of the buildings here in different periods of Egyptian history increases every year. In ancient times Karnak was known as a pet assault the most selective places the temples are built along two axes east-west and north-south with the original middle kingdom shrine built on a mound in the center of what is now called temple of Amyl. An avenue ram headed sphinxes leads the visitors towards the entrance. The sphinxes are fantastic beasts with the body of a lion and the head of a ram a symbol of the goddamn through the entrance is the famous hypostyle hall standing among its 134 gigantic columns. The visitor can’t help but be inspired by the grandeur of the place. The center 12 columns are larger at 21 meters tall. The other 132 columns are 15 meters tall and have closed capitals perhaps representing the swamp.