Nanga Parbat translates to the Naked Mountain and at 8,126 meters (26,660ft) in height it is the ninth highest mountain in the world.
Nanga Parbat is located is part of the Himalayas and it is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan province of Pakistan. The mountain is also locally known as “Deo Mir” which means huge mountain.
The mountain has a notoriously difficult climb and it was given the nickname “Killer Mountain” due to the many mountaineering deaths during the mid and early 20th century.
The first person to climb the summit of Nanga Parbat was the great Hermann Buhl and he did it in 1953 without supplementary oxygen, a record which is still unbroken.
The first expedition was lead by Albert F. Mummery who succeed in reaching at the height of 6,100 meters (20,000 feet) on the western face but he died later on in the expedition along with two Gurkhas.
The next expedition was organised by germans and it was lead by Willy Merkl in 1932 but it was ill planned and the used very less porters, these factors and constant bad weather stopped the expedition at Rakhiot Peak.
According to scientist Nanga Parbat is the fastest growing mountain in the world, it is located in the area where the Indian tectonic plate is going under the Asian plate.
Nanga Parbat has many distinguished features that cannot be found on any other mountain, for example it has the highest mountain face in the world to the south. Nanga Parbat has the distinction of being only the second mountain in the world which ranks as one of the ten highest mountains in the world and the fourteenth most prominent peak in the world.
The other mountain ranked in both lists is Mount Everest.
Nanga Parbat is also referenced in popular culture and E.R Eddison has compared in the first chapter of his book “Mistress of Mistresses” gus dead compatriot to Nanga Parbat in the following passage,
“I remember, years later, his describing to me the effect of the sudden view you get of Nanga Parbat from one of those Kashmir valleys; you have been riding for hours among quiet richly wooded scenery, winding up along the side of some kind of gorge, with nothing very big to look at, just lush, leafy, pussy-cat country of steep hillsides and waterfalls; then suddenly you come round a corner where the view opens up the valley, and you are almost struck senseless by the blinding splendour of that vast face of ice-hung precipices and soaring ridges, sixteen thousand feet from top to toe, filling a whole quarter of the heavens at a distance of, I suppose, only a dozen miles. And now, whenever I call to mind my first sight of Lessingham in that little daleside church so many years ago, I think of Nanga Parbat.” (Mistress of Mistresses, 1935, p.2-3).
Other references include a movie named Nanga Parbat by Joseph Vilsmaier about Gunther Messner and Reinhold Messner’s expedition in 1970, there is also a fictional city named Nanda Parbat in DC Comics universe.